Physics of Sabrage for using Champagne Sabre

You probably assumed that the technique of sabrage or sabering is all about the swing and the champagne sabre. Indeed, it is important that you should use the right tool when it comes to this unique way of uncorking the good wine.  Yet, there is much more behind the saber and the bottle itself. In fact, sabering is all about what is happening inside. There is a science particularly physics behind such art.

It is not the Sharp Blade

The first thing that you should bear in mind when it comes to executing this art is to use a champagne sword or a champagne sabre when doing so. It is a bad idea getting your regular kitchen knife whether you are practicing or performing. When you look closer, you’ll see that the blade is blunt. This means to say that you don’t need a sharp blade when cutting the lip of the bottle. Again, it is all about physics.

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champagne swordThe Bottle

A champagne bottle has a lot of weight depending on the quality. Back then, most bottles are not as tough as today’s bottles due to the fact that there are events where such good wine explodes during the transportation of goods. Therefore, previous bottle designs are tougher and ticker which makes a lot of weight. A normal champagne bottle can consist of 620 kilopascals and the estimate distance when flying the cork out is about 18 millimeters.

The Champagne

The champagnes are preserved for about 2 years in a special place with a certain amount of temperature perfect for the fragmentation of the elements combined. This is where carbon dioxide manifest prior to the amid auxiliary of aging. The required energy of pushing the stopper or the cork is about 160 Newtons. The bottle is designed with a lip that holds the stopper preserving the champagne. This makes the anxiety fixation which requires a second push fixation in order to release the chemical reaction.


What’s Happening Inside

Both anxiety fixations are consolidated and overtime, the quality of glass somehow deteriorates with an approximately 50% of the original quality. This makes the bottle and the entire chemical inside pretty much delicate which has a tendency to explode at any moment. Hence, most manufacturers would support the stopper with wire and seal.

The Effect Of the Saber

The amount of force applied from the champagne saber is at least 160 Newtons making the lip of the bottle together with the cork for about 16 up to 33 feet. In here there is a stress concentration that happens to the faintly visible seam which makes the second stress concentration. Once these stresses are applied, the pressure inside will have its momentum blasting the lip and stopper off.



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